CWI's research helps to set standards.


CWI's research helps to set standards. For instance, our researchers contributed to two post-quantum cryptography standards from NIST. Other examples are Web standards like (X)HTML, HTML4, CSS, SMIL, XForms, RDF and RDFa. We are also involved in benchmarking.

Post-quantum Cryptography (NIST)

On 5 July 2022, the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced that they selected cryptographic standards to protect sensitive electronic data against the threat of quantum computers. Léo Ducas from CWI's Cryptology group is involved in the two primary schemes of this upcoming portfolio; one for public-key encryption and one for digital signatures. These new standards are meant for global deployments, reaching billions of users. More information, see news item 'CWI's Léo Ducas involved in two primary new NIST Post-Quantum Cryptography standards' (July 2022).

W3C standards

Since the mid-1990s, CWI has been heavily involved in web standardization and web related R&D. For instance, CWI researcher Steven Pemberton chaired the XForms Working Group and led the (X)HTML Working Group for many years, and Ivan Herman had been the W3C Digital Publishing Activity Lead for a long time. CWI researchers have also worked on CSS, SMIL, XForms, HTML4, RDF, RDFa and other standards.

From 1998 until 2022 CWI hosted the regional W3C Office (now called W3C Chapter), the administrative centre of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in the Benelux. The task of the office was to locally disseminate W3C standards and to recruit new member organizations for W3C. Together with it organized masterclasses on new standards with W3C experts.

For more information on W3C Membership, developing web standards and W3C activities, see (or in Dutch).