3. What are the characteristics of scientific publications and how do I identify the different types of publications in references? Reports and preprints

Slide your cursor on the examples to note the different elements

Technical reports describe the progress or results of scientific or technical research and development. They are usually produced in response to a specific request or research need, and serve as a report of accountability to the organization funding the research and development.

Preprints are the initial versions of papers. At a later date - usually after peer review - they may be published in journals, conference proceedings or collections of articles.

National or international reports and preprints are usually published by university departments, institutes, private industry, or government agencies and laboratories.


[27] Szeftel, J. Propagation et réflexion des singularités pour l'équation de Schrödinger non linéaire. Université Paris-Nord. Laboratoire Analyse, Géometrie en Applications. PB 26. 2003

[S3] D. Sangiorgi. Expressing mobility in process algebra: first-order and higher-order paradigms PhD Thesis CST 99-93 Department of Computer Science. University of Edinburgh. 1999

Publication and dissemination of reports and preprints are not officially coordinated. They are usually not available via the usual channels (publisher, book shops), and as a result, they can be particularly difficult to identify and locate. Increasingly many reports and preprints are available electronically via search engines and in Institutional repositories.


Back to chapter 3

Back to the Tutorial homepage