# 3. What are the characteristics of scientific publications and how do I identify the different types of publications in references? Conference proceedings articles

Slide your cursor on the examples to note the different elements

*Informal and unofficial sources*). As a result of these variations, locating conference proceedings can be complicated.

**Examples:**

Vissers, C.A., Sinderen M.J. van, and Ferreira Pires, L. (1993). What makes industries believe in formal methods. A.A.S. Danthine, G. Leduc and P. Wolpers (eds.). Proceedings of the 13th IFIP International Symposium on Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification (PSTV), Liège, Belgium, pp. 3-26Amsterdam, North-Holland (IFIP Transactions C-16)

[17] J. Lamping. An algorithm for optimal lambda calculus reduction. In: Proceedings of the 17th Annual Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages. San Francisco, CA January 1990 16-30 New York (NY)< ACM

Conference proceedings should mention the location where the conference or workshop was held. In order to find a conference proceedings you can combine the title with the location of the conference and/or year of the conference in the **Title** field (Advanced search). The year that a conference was organized is not necessarily the same as the publication year.

If a conference proceedings is published as part of a serial you can select the search field **Series** (Advanced search) and enter the title of the series, e.g. *Proceedings in Applied Mathematics* or *Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics*

Since a few years all the conference proceedings of the ACM are available online. The same is true with the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences, Lecture Notes in Physics and Lecture Notes in Mathematics.

Please note that there are regular journal publications which are proceedings, although not conference proceedings, e.g.* Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society* and the *Proceedings of the Royal Society A: mathematical, physical & engineering sciences*.