Towards a Multimedia Formatting Vocabulary

Jacco van Ossenbruggen, CWI, Amsterdam

Presented on Thursday, 22 May, during the multimedia track of the the Twelfth International World Wide Web Conference in Budapest, Hungary.


Time-based, media-centric Web presentations can be described declaratively in the XML world through the development of languages such as SMIL. It is difficult, however, to fully integrate them in a complete document transformation processing chain. In order to achieve the desired processing of data-driven, time-based, media-centric presentations, the text-flow based formatting vocabularies used by style languages such as XSL, CSS and DSSSL need to be extended. The paper presents a selection of use cases which are used to derive a list of requirements for a multimedia style and transformation formatting vocabulary. The boundaries of applicability of existing text-based formatting models for media-centric transformations are analyzed. The paper then discusses the advantages and disadvantages of a fully-fledged time-based multimedia formatting model. Finally, the discussion is illustrated by describing the key properties of the example multimedia formatting vocabulary currently implemented in the back-end of our Cuypers multimedia transformation engine.

Slides are available in PDF, the full paper is also available on-line.

      url       = {},
      author    = {Jacco van Ossenbruggen and Joost Geurts and Lynda Hardman and Lloyd Rutledge},
      title     = {{T}owards a {F}ormatting {V}ocabulary for {T}ime-based {H}ypermedia},
      pages     = {384 -- 393}
      publisher = {ACM Press},
      booktitle = {The Twelfth International World Wide Web Conference},
      address   = {Budapest, Hungary},
      month     = {May 20-24,},
      year      = {2003},
      organization = {IW3C2}

$Date: 2003/06/24 12:47:48 $