CWI Lectures 2014: Speaker information
Dr. Loretta Anania. Prior to joining the broadband activities of the European Commission, she received a PhD from MIT. She worked 5 years at the MIT Media Lab on the Advanced Television Research Programme (that set the basis for a major change from analogue broadcasting to digital tv standards). She was twice elected chairman of the board of the ITS (www.itsworld.org). She is currently working on collective awareness applications as part of the Net Innovation unit of DG Connect.
Prof. dr. Andries van Dam (ACM Fellow), is the Thomas J. Watson Jr. University Professor of Technology and Education and Professor of Computer Science at Brown University. He has been a member of Brown's faculty since 1965, was co-founder of Brown's Computer Science Department and its first Chairman from 1979 to 1985, and was also Brown's first Vice President for Research from 2002 - 2006. His research includes work on computer graphics, hypermedia systems, post-WIMP and natural user interfaces (NUI), including pen- and touch-computing, and educational software. He has been working for over four decades on systems for creating and reading electronic books with interactive illustrations for use in teaching and research.
Prof. dr. Frank van Harmelen is professor of Knowledge Representation, and director of the Network Institute at the VU University Amsterdam. In the past decade he played a leading role in the development of the Semantic Web, which aims to make data on the web semantically interpretable by machines through formal representations. He was co-PI on the first European Semantic Web project (OnToKnowledge, 1999). He was one of the designers of the Web Ontology Language OWL, standardised by W3C, which is in worldwide commercial and public use. He co-authored the “Semantic Web Primer”, the first academic textbook on Semantic Web technology, now in its third edition, which is in worldwide use with translations into Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Spanish and Greek. He was one of the co-architects of Sesame, an RDF storage and retrieval engine, which is in wide academic and industrial use with over 200,000 downloads. This work received the 10-year impact award at the 2012 International Semantic Web Conference.
Prof. dr. Klara Nahrstedt (ACM Fellow), is a full professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Computer Science Department. Her research interests are directed toward multimedia mobile systems, quality of service (QoS) management, QoS-aware resource management, 3D tele-immersive systems and networks, and real-time security in mission-critical systems. She is the co-author of widely used multimedia books ‘Multimedia: Computing, Communications and Applications’ published by Prentice Hall, and ‘Multimedia Systems’ published by Springer Verlag. She is the recipient of the IEEE Communication Society Leonard Abraham Award for Research Achievements, Ralph and Catherine Fisher Professor chair, University Scholar, Humboldt Award, and the former chair of ACM SIG Multimedia. She was the general chair of ACM Multimedia 2006, general chair of ACM NOSSDAV 2007 and the general chair of IEEE Percom 2009. She received her Diploma in Mathematics from Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany in numerical analysis in 1985. In 1995 she received her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in the Department of Computer and Information Science. She is the ACM Fellow, IEEE Fellow, and member of the Leopoldina German National Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Lawrence A. Rowe (ACM Fellow) is Chairman/CEO of FX Palo Alto Laboratory, a multimedia research organization established by Fuji Xerox in 1995. FXPAL performs research on a variety of topics in multimedia and human-computer interfaces. Rowe served as FXPAL President from 2007 to 2013 when he was promoted to his current position. Prior to joining FXPAL, he was a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at U.C. Berkeley for over twenty-five years.
Rowe is both a researcher and entrepreneur. He is known for research on media coding and streaming, Internet webcasting, distributed collaboration, database application development tools, and database management systems (INGRES and POSTGRES). He developed the original Berkeley Lecture Webcasting System that by 2006 produced over thirty webcasts each week viewed by 2M people per semester from all over the world. At FXPAL he has lead the development of a lecture webcast search engine (talkminer.com). He received several "Best Paper" awards, and two papers merited recognition ten years after they appeared for having met the test of time recognition. The two papers are: 1) "Design of POSTGRES" co-authored with Dr. Michael Stonebraker published in the 1986 ACM SIGMOD conference and 2) “The Berkeley Software MPEG-1 Video Decoder” co-authored with two of his students Professor Ketan Mayer-Patel and Dr. Brian Smith at the first ACM Multimedia Conference held in 1993.
As an entrepreneur Rowe co-founded the original Ingres Corporation that went public in 1987 and served on various boards for several high-tech companies (e.g., NCast, Inktomi, etc.). He was also a member of the Board of Directors for Siemens Technology-to-Business, which is a technology incubator located in Berkeley, from its founding in 1999 through 2003.
Rowe received a BA in mathematics and a PhD in Information and Computer Science from U.C. Irvine in 1970 and 1976, respectively. He is an ACM Fellow, past chair of ACM SIG Multimedia (1998-2003), a founding member of the ACM TOMCCAP editorial board, and a recipient of the 2002 U.C. Technology Leadership Council Larry L. Sautter Award for Innovation in Information Technology for the development of the Berkeley Lecture Webcasting System. He received the Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Science Distinguished Alumni Award from U.C. Irvine in 2007. And, he received the 2009 ACM SIG Multimedia Technical Achievement Award in recognition of his lifetime research contributions and service to the field of multimedia.
David Ayman Shamma is a senior research scientist and head of the HCI Research group at Yahoo! Labs. His personal research investigates synchronous environments and connected experiences both online and in-the-world. Focusing on creative expression and sharing, he designs and prototypes systems for multimedia communication, as well as, develops targeted methods and metrics for understanding how people communicate online in small environments and at web scale. Ayman is the creator and lead investigator on the Yahoo! Zync project and he is the scientific liaison to Flickr. He is currently on Sabbatical at the Interactive Digital Media department at the National University of Singapore.
Prof. dr. Alan Smeaton is a Professor at Dublin City University (DCU), where his research focuses on information retrieval. He also serves on the editorial boards for the ACM Journal on Computers and Cultural Heritage, Information Processing and Management and the journal Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval. Formerly the Deputy Director of CLARITY: Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, he is currently the Director of the Insight Centre for Data Analytics based at DCU (2013-2019). Prof. Smeaton currently serves on the board of the Irish Research Council, and was elected as a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2013.
Prof. dr. Marina Ursu is Professor of Interactive Media at University of York, UK, and Professor of Computing at Goldsmiths, University of London. He recently took the Chair at York to setup Interactive Media as a new area of enquiry for both research and teaching. Before, at Goldsmiths, he was key, as Director of Studies, Deputy Head, and then Director of Research, in the development of the Department of Computing into an international recognised centre for the study of computing within the creative sector. He also leads the Narrative Interactive Media research group which focuses on the development of computational models for new forms of computer mediated human-to-human and human-machine communication. Amongst its flagship results are the Narrative Structure Language and the associated ShapeShifting Media toolkit, for interactive moving-picture narratives, and the concept of Orchestration, for live video-mediated communication.
EC funding of Multimedia Projects
European Commission, Belgium
This talk traces the thread of multimedia research and advanced communication developments as part of the collaborative EU projects and programmes. From the early days of ESPRIT and RACE to the pioneering futuristic work of the Future & Emerging Technologies vision, to the current work. Main focus is to promote user-centered design principles, and a demand-side approach to systems innovation.
Richer documents, richer human-computer interaction – a progress report
Andries van Dam, ACM Fellow
Brown University, USA
In this talk I will briefly review my nearly five decades of experimentation with hypertext/hypermedia and human-computer interaction via graphical displays. The focus will be on several applications, all designed to feature touch (and pen) interaction. These applications include a rich hypermedia framework that supports an unbounded 2D workspace and fine-grained, bidirectional hyperlinks between documents; an art gallery application designed for touch manipulation of large-format 2D linked artworks; a purely gestural interface for making precise 2D drawings such as logos and icons and other precise diagrams without a huge learning curve; and a visual interface to spreadsheets and SQL databases allowing visual construction of queries, joins and other operations to allow tactile and graphical exploration of multiple data sets by novice users. The focus of the talk will be the evolution of rich human-computer interaction, concluding with an overview of interesting problems still to be solved.
If our computers could only understand our multi-media... Past, present and future of semantic information representation
Frank van Harmelen
VU University, the Netherlands
If our computers would understand the content of our multi-media presentations, then we could automatically generate presentations that were beautiful and meaningful, we could re-use media-items, we could find and combine presentations, etc. If only... I will review the progress that has been made in machine-accessible representations of the semantics of information over the past decade, I will sketch the current state of the art, and I will try to draw up a research agenda of the most pressing open questions.
From MBone and Web-based Multimedia to Experiential Multimedia Systems: Time Travel with WABAC Machine
Klara Nahrstedt, ACM Fellow
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
The last 25 years have been incredible in the research area of multimedia systems since the level of innovations, achievements, and excitement have been unprecedented to any other research area in such a short time. Just thinking of the changes that YouTube, Skype, Flickr, Facebook, Voice-over-IP telephony, mobile TV brought to our society is extraordinary. Using the WABAC machine, we will transport the audience in time to visit important events in multimedia systems history. “Sherman, set the WABAC machine to” 1987-1988 with its’ first digital voice system, the Etherphone; to 1992 when MBone, vic, vat and IP multicast enabled first video and audio conferencing systems; to late 1990th and early 2000th, when collaborative conferencing systems with Voice-over-IP, SIP, RTP/RTCP, and web-based multimedia concepts flourished; to late 2000th when DASH, WebRTC, 3D streaming and delivery concepts emerged and enabled immersive telepresence and interactive digital television environments; and to 2025 when sharing, experiences, habits, activities were understood by our digital surrounding environments and boundaries between conferencing and on-demand environments blurred towards experiential multimedia environments enabling seamless socially-aware telepresence participation and television interactions. Enjoy the “WABAC machine” journey!
The Redefinition of Content
David Ayman Shamma
Yahoo! Research, USA
Once singularly defined at looking at clusters of pixels to form content, multimedia has grown well beyond. Through technology, the act of photo and video taking and sharing now includes capturing more signals (location, photographic style, and social closeness) than what was possible with historical photo emulsion. This expands how photographers, both camera phone and professional alike, engage in their everyday practice and presents new challenges for researchers in the areas of geographic annotation of photographs and regions, community congregation online, and social engagement -all of which define and construct the social photograph as the new understanding of multimedia content.
Something about content-based searching in multimedia systems
Alan F. Smeaton
Dublin City University, Ireland
For decades, almost since the first valve was turned on in a computer or the first 9-track computer tape machine started whirring, we have been obsessed with using computers for automatic analysis of content. From the early days of Gerry Salton’s work on information retrieval on text abstracts in the 1960’s through to full text search and probabilistic, ranked search outputs, then search on image media, then video, then search through web pages and now all kinds of web-accessible content, real time search, social media search, personal libraries and lifelogs, we always focus on analysing the content so we can then find the “right stuff” at the right time, in the right place, etc. But guess what, after over a half-centrury of chasing the holy grail of trying to understand what it is we’re searching through, or for, we still don’t understand it. And maybe we don’t need to. Maybe that old marketing catchphrase is true that it’s not what you say but what others say about you that matters. In this talk I’d like to explore the juxtaposition of content-based and context-based information access, ask which is more important and whether having a differentiation really matters.
The Space in Between
Marian F. Ursu
University of York, UK
This talk delineates a new creative space supported by four pillars: interactive TV narration, narrative interaction with user generated content (UGC), live video communication in social groups, and video mediated performance. Interactive TV narration refers to the ability of TV programmes, broadcast or individually watched, to adapt at viewing time to input received or extracted from their viewers. They are automatically edited based on user interaction. They require authors to create narrative spaces which are interpreted at viewing time into individual personalised narrations. The same metaphor can be extended to the consumption of UGC, but the proposition, here, is harder due to the sparseness of annotations and their possible inaccuracy. However, the size of the UGC repositories and the interfaces through which they are created make the proposition feasible. The metaphor of interactive TV can also be extended to live video-mediated social communication, which employs complex group communication topologies. Here, recounting screen grammars ought to be replaced by communication screen grammars, metadata annotations by interaction cue extraction, and automatic editing by automatic mixing and camera control. Finally, live video communication can be extended to even more complex communication topologies, such as those required by mediated co-performance to remote and active audiences. These four forms of mediated communication define a rich creative space in between that is yet to be explored. This talk will give a brief glimpse of it.
Digital Life in 2025
Lawrence A. Rowe, ACM fellow
FX Palo Alto Laboratory (FXPAL), USA
What role will multimedia play in everyday life in 2025? This talk will discuss current experience, that is, “Digital Life in 2014,” and make bold predictions about how life is likely to change in the next 11 years. Research opportunities to work towards this future will be discussed.